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Genetics and Skills Acquisition

Consider the role of abilities and how much abilities contribute to skill acquisition. Pay particular attention to the general motor ability hypothesis and the specificity of motor abilities hypothesis.

In psychomotor performance, abilities are defined as being innate or genetic traits. Commonly, people tend to ignore the role of learning and make such statements as, "I was born to play basketball." However, there is no basketball gene and nobody is born to play basketball. If a person is 6'7" tall, it could be argued that this person has a genetic predisposition to play basketball; however, this person may lack the skill to play basketball. Consider the role of abilities and how much abilities contribute to skill acquisition. Pay particular attention to the general motor ability hypothesis and the specificity of motor abilities hypothesis. What does the available evidence suggest regarding the relationship of abilities and skill acquisition?


" If a person is 6'7" tall, it could be argued that this person has a genetic predisposition to play basketball; however, this person may lack the skill to play basketball.

Truth be told, genetic disposition allows performers to be more prone to achieve higher levels of success in certain tasks than their counterparts in some instances. Just because a person is 6'7" does not mean that he or she will have any type of redeemable quality in the game of basketball than someone who is 5'7". Does the taller athlete have a more sizable advantage? Yes. If the shorter athlete is highly skilled, does the ceiling cap sooner in terms of skill acquisition? This is debatable.


"Does the taller athlete have a more sizable advantage? Yes. If the shorter athlete is highly skilled, does the ceiling cap sooner in terms of skill acquisition? This is debatable.”

Day et al (2001) found that skill-based performance was an indicator of skill retention and ultimately skill transfer. This would explain why high performers such as Kobe Bryant or Tiger Woods are and were always picked to become an eventual champion because their past successes and high aptitude of skill was positively correlated to the acquisition of even further skill. Genetic or not, I would argue that skill acquisition and development of abilities is directly related to where a performer is currently operating and the proverbial ceiling that they have in terms of age and aptitude.


References:

Day, E., Arthur, W. r., & Gettman, D. (2001). Knowledge structures and the acquisition of a complex skill. Journal Of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 1022-1033. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.1022






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